Midsummer - Litha - Pagan Holiday - Greenman by Lesley Crawford

“Greenman” (C) by Lesley Crawford


Sometimes called Litha, Midsummer is one of eight Neo-pagan solar holidays or Sabbats. Celebrated in the northern hemisphere on the summer solstice, June 21st, and in the southern hemisphere on Dec 21st, Midsummer marks the longest day of the year. This zenith celebration calls us to look back and be ever thankful for our harvest, our bounty, our long spent days while also serves to remind us to look forward to, and prepare for, shorter days on our horizon.

The Sun in all it’s powerful creative and sexual energy is represented by the Sun God who is ruler of the forest and enters it to become the hidden “Green Man” covered in leaves and forest growth. This symbolism speaks to rebirth which is a constant theme for both the summer and winter solstice’s. For more on the enigma of the Greenman, visit this site.

Prior to being used in J. R. R. Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings trilogy as an actual day, “Litha” historically seems to be associated and referred to as the season of summer.

Among the sabbats, Midsummer is preceded by Beltane and followed by Lughnasadh or Lammas.


See also: Stonehenge Summer Solstice

See also: Pagan Holidays – The Wheel of the Year